Nowadays, pizza is a food that is recognised worldwide, and that is consumed everyday by millions of people. Its toppings and variations are infinite, and they vary to meet the local taste: a Hawaiian pizza with pineapple would never sell in Italy, pizza’s home country, while it’s one of the favourite types in United States. Basically, a pizza is made of a base and toppings.
Crust may be thin or thick, with a slight difference in taste but that’s not that relevant. The main ingredients are always the same: flour, water, olive oil, and salt. The toppings as said are many; for example there are anchovies, olives, salami, sausage, chicken, pepper, eggs, eggplant, vegetables, seasonings and more.
However, the original Pizza style is the Italian one, so here we will talk of the classic types of pizza that you will most likely encounter in a genuine Italian pizzeria.
The Neapolitan pizza consists in three different kinds of pizza: the Pizza marinara, with tomato sauce, oil and garlic; the Pizza Margherita, which is also the most consumed one, that is made with tomatoes and mozzarella (an Italian cheese), and the Pizza Margherita of Bufala, same as Pizza Margherita while the cheese used is made with water buffalo milk, that is completely different from other milks.
There are many variants from these “official” few, and the most liked are the Pizza Capricciosa, that is the same as Pizza Margherita with the addition of ham, eggs and mushrooms. The Cheese Pizza is made with four different kinds of cheese, and is also the most caloric one scoring 800 calories as average.
A very important ingredient in all Italian style pizzas is basil, a vegetable that gives the dough a special flavour and is added after the pizza has been cooked. For those who do not like tomato, there is the Italian white pizza, that makes use of anchovies, vegetables, cheese and more toppings, and it’s a pleasant variant of the original pizza with tomato sauce.
When pizza was exported to the United States by Italian immigrants in the late 1800s, no-one could have predicted its widespread popularity. Today pizza is one of the favourite fast food products in the American market, with many different styles & variations.
The New York style pizza is like the Neapolitan one, while it is larger in size and the toppings on it are more, because it’s often consumed by more than one person, while the Italian original pizza is eaten by a single person only.
The Chicago style pizza on the other hand uses a more deep dish pan, and uses cheese below the sauce and on-top; its stuffed varieties include additional fillings to be put in. Buffalo style pizza is thicker than the New York style one, and uses spicier sauces.
The Hawaiian style pizza is made with bacon and pineapple, and is very popular in the United States and Australia.